The Story of ELIZA, the First Chatbot Developed In The 1960s | MR JOURNALISM

Conversational computing has its roots in 1966, reports MARKET RESEARCH JOURNALISM in a brief recounting of chatbot history. The first known chatbot was called ELIZA.

  • ELIZA worked by detecting words in a user’s question and matching them to a collection of pre-programmed responses.
  • The illusion of understanding was entirely mechanized in advance.
  • The name ‘Eliza’ was inspired by the play, Pygmalion, which had a character whose speech kept improving over time
  • Other forerunning chatbots include PARRY, RACTER, and JABBERWACKY.

‘ if a human says that ‘My mom cooks great food’, ELIZA would get the word ‘mother’, and react by asking an open-ended question, ‘Tell me more about your family’.

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The Story of ELIZA, the First Chatbot Developed In The 1960s
MR JOURNALISM | September 12, 2019 | by Dorothy Crotts

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Eliza mimics a Rogerian psychotherapist.– from med-ai.com

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