‘Implementation of these requirements should occur throughout an AI system’s entire life cycle and depends on the specific application.’

The EUROPEAN COMMISSION presents seven guidelines for trustworthy artificial intelligence. The Commission says they want to create ‘an environment of trust’ when developing AI and when deploying and using AI.

Each of the seven headings links to the corresponding section in the report:

  1. Human agency and oversight
  2. Technical robustness and safety
  3. Privacy and data governance
  4. Transparency
  5. Diversity, non-discrimination and fairness
  6. Societal and environmental well-being
  7. Accountability

The guidelines were prepared by an expert committee of 52 people, selected from an open call for participation. This version considers discussions since the first draft was presented in December 2018.


A separate document presents a reference for understanding key facets of AI. One section deals with AI systems and another describes AI as a scientific discipline. The Commission also proposes an updated definition of artificial intelligence:

“Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are software (and possibly also hardware) systems designed by humans that, given a complex goal, act in the physical or digital dimension by perceiving their environment through data acquisition, interpreting the collected structured or unstructured data, reasoning on the knowledge, or processing the information, derived from this data and deciding the best action(s) to take to achieve the given goal. AI systems can either use symbolic rules or learn a numeric model, and they can also adapt their behaviour by analysing how the environment is affected by their previous actions.

As a scientific discipline, AI includes several approaches and techniques, such as machine learning (of which deep learning and reinforcement learning are specific examples), machine reasoning (whi ch includes planning, scheduling, knowledge representation and reasoning, search, and optimization), and robotics (which includes control, perception, sensors and actuators, as well as the integration of all other techniques into cyber-physical systems).”


Ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI
EUROPEAN COMMISSION 2018 | April 8, 2019